Cannabis has existed on the face of the earth for millions of years. Human beings have put this plant to use over thousands of years ago. In ancient times, doctors prescribed cannabis strains to their patients to cure sleep disorder, nausea, loss of appetite and other ailments. Both the therapeutic and psychoactive property of this plant have been explored to determine its potent and usage.
Cannabis contains two main cannabinoids namely cannabidiol (CBD) and THC. CBD has analgesic, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic and anti-diarrhea properties. It is used to treat a score of diseases like sickle cell anemia, diabetes, glaucoma, cancer, AIDS, spinal pain, gastrointestinal disorder and many more. THC on the other hand is released into the blood stream when the person smokes the plant. It has psychoactive effects on the body and mind.
Types of Cannabis
Two main types of cannabis strains have been discovered, namely cannabis indica and cannabis sativa. These strains have different structure, properties, effects and taste. Both the strains are used for varied purposes.
Depending on the purpose, the type of strain is chosen. Cannabis indica derives its name from its origin, India. This strain was first found in India where people used it as a relaxing agent. The sativa strain on the other hand grew in Europe in the form of industrial hemp.
Sativa vs. Indica
When it comes to differentiating the two, the process is quite easy. One look at the plant is enough to determine the type.
First comes the structure of the leaf. The Sativa plant has long narrow leaves. On the other hand indica has broad, wide and shorter leaves. Cannabis sativa plant is tall and loosely branched and can grow up to 20 feet. So it’s favorable to grow them outdoors. Indica plants on the other hand are short and densely branched plants and generally grown indoors.
The second differentiating criterion is their effect on human metabolism. The sativa strain is best suited for the day as it gives a uplifting and energetic high. It has deep cerebral and hallucinogenic effects on the brain. Indica is a night herb as it gives a relaxing and calming high.
Both these strains have a lot of properties and are being used in varied fields today.